A 2013 study by AMERIPEN, the American Institute for Packaging and the Environment, took a close look at all the different methods that local, state, and federal governments use to reduce waste and increase recycling. They analyzed techniques used across the US, Canada, Australia, and Europe. AMERIPEN assessed a wide range of techniques, including pay-as-you-throw (PAYT).
They found PAYT to be extremely effective, and it recommended it as one of the three best approaches to reduce solid waste and increase recycling. It also cites data showing that about 90% of residents approve of PAYT programs after they are put in place.